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Preventing Deadly Conflict

Rok: 1998
ISBN: 9781885039019
OKCZID: 110153921

Citace (dle ČSN ISO 690):
Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict. Preventing deadly conflict: final report with executive summary. Repr. New York: Carnegie Corporation, 1998, c1997, 256 s. ISBN 1-885039-01-8.

Hodnocení: 5.0 / 5 (6 hlasů)



The Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict published its report in 1997 to address the looming threats to world peace of intergroup violence and to advance new ideas for the prevention and resolution of deadly conflict. Sixteen eminent international policy makers and scholars served on the Commission. They included Dr David Hamburg, Cyrus Vance, Gro Harlem Bruntland; seven former foreign ministers including Flora MacDonald, Lord David Owen, Gareth Evans and Sir Shridath Ramphal, as well as Sir Brian Urqhart. The Commission has examined the principal causes of deadly ethnic, nationalist, and religious conflicts within and between states and the circumstances that foster or deter their outbreak. Taking a long-term, worldwide view of violent conflicts that are likely to emerge, the Commission has sought to determine the functional requirements of an effective system for preventing mass violence and to identify the ways in which such a system could be im! plemented. The report looks at: What is the problem posed by "deadly conflict" within or between states? Why is outside help necessary to deal with this problem? How should that help be structured? What political, economic, military, or social tools are at the disposal of the international community? What is the relationship between and among these tools-especially now, in the post-Cold War world? Can a more coherent approach or system for using these tools in a selective way be devised as a more effective means of preventing mass violence? Who should do the work? What should be the role of the international institutions and regional organizations? What prerogatives for action are individual states likely to retain? What responsibilities for preventing mass violence do these prerogatives suggest? How can the vast resources of the private sector-for example, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), the media, religious groups, and the business community-be employed more effectively and be coordinated with governmental responses?

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