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Jiménez de Cisneros, Francisco

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Autor: Jiménez de Cisneros, Francisco
Rok: asi 1436-1517

Biogr./Hist. údaje: Španělský inkvizitor, arcibiskup v Toledu.
Zdroj: Autoritní databáze Národní knihovny ČR

Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros

Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros, O.F.M. (1436 – November 8, 1517), known as Ximenes de Cisneros in his own lifetime, and commonly referred to today as simply Cisneros, was a Spanish cardinal, religious, and statesman. Starting from humble beginnings he rose to the heights of power becoming a religious reformer, twice regent of Spain, Cardinal, Grand Inquisitor, promoter of the Crusades in North Africa, and founder of the Complutense University, today the Complutense University of Madrid. Among his intellectual accomplishments, he is best known for funding the Complutensian Polyglot Bible, the first printed polyglot version of the entire Bible. He also edited and published the first printed editions of the missal (in 1500) and the breviary (in 1502) of the Mozarabic Rite, and established a chapel with a college of thirteen priests to celebrate the Mozarabic Liturgy of the Hours and eucharist each day in the Toledo Cathedral.Cardinal Cisneros' life coincided with, and greatly influenced, a dynamic period in the history of the Spanish language during the reign of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile. During this time Spain underwent many significant changes, leading it into its prominent role in the Spanish Golden Age (1500–1700). Modern historian John Elliott said as far as any particular policies that can be attributed to Spain's rise, they were those of King Ferdinand and Cardinal Cisneros.

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