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Aḥmad, Bashīruddīn Maḥmūd

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Autor: Aḥmad, Bashīruddīn Maḥmūd
Rok: 1889-1965

Biogr./Hist. údaje: Arabský náboženský myslitel.
Zdroj: Autoritní databáze Národní knihovny ČR

Bashīruddīn Maḥmūd Aḥmad

For other people named Bashir Ahmad, see the Bashir Ahmad navigation pageMirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad (Urdu: ‏مرزا بشیر الدین محمود احمد‎‎) (12 January 1889 – 8 November 1965), was Khalifatul Masih II (Arabic: khalīfatul masīh al-thāni ,خليفة المسيح الثاني‎), head of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community and the eldest son to survive to adulthood of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad from his second wife, Nusrat Jahan Begum. He was elected as the second successor of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad on 14 March 1914 at the age of 25, the day after the death of his predecessor Hakeem Noor-ud-Din.He is known for establishing virtually the entire organisational structure of the community (including five Auxiliary Organisations), improvement of its administration, a ten volume commentary of the Qur'an, formally establishing the Majlis al-Shura (Consultative Council), and directing extensive missionary activity outside the subcontinent of India (and later Pakistan). He was a renowned orator and was also an active political figure especially in pre-independence India. He was also one of the founding members and the first president of the All India Kashmir Committee set up for the establishment of the civil rights of Kashmiri Muslims. Following the Partition of India and the creation of Pakistan in 1947, he carefully oversaw the safe migration of Ahmadis from Qadian to the newly found state, initially settling in Lahore and then a year later building a town on a tract of arid and mountainous land bought by the community which now became its new headquarters and was named Rabwah. Mahmood Ahmad is regarded by the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community as the Musleh Maood (Promised Reformer) and the "Promised Son" that Mirza Ghulam Ahmad foretold God would bestow upon him.

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