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Wyszyński, Stefan

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Autor: Wyszyński, Stefan
Rok: 1901-1981

Biogr./Hist. údaje: Polský primas, kardinál, teologická literatura.
Zdroj: Autoritní databáze Národní knihovny ČR

Stefan Wyszyński

Stefan Wyszyński (3 August 1901 – 28 May 1981) was a Polish prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as the bishop of Lublin from 1946 to 1948, archbishop of Warsaw and archbishop of Gniezno from 1948 to 1981. He was created cardinal on 12 January 1953 by Pope Pius XII. He assumed the title of Primate of Poland. Stefan Wyszyński was often called the Primate of the Millennium.The case for his beatification and canonization opened in 1989 (he now has the title of Servant of God) and has many proponents in the Vatican and in his native Poland, where he is well known for his heroic and principled stand against Nazism and Communism, and because of his connections to Pope John Paul II (he played a key role in urging then-Cardinal Wojtyla to accept his election as Supreme Pontiff).To many he was the unquestionable leader of Polish nation (the uncrowned king of Poland), in opposition to the totalitarian government controlled by the Soviet Union. He is also credited for the survival of Polish Christianity in the face of its repression and persecution during the reign of the 1945-1989 Communist regime. He himself was imprisoned for three years, and is considered to be a Polish national hero.

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